Ensuring the safety of the food supply is a priority for producers and regulators alike. In the United States, three federal agencies provide work to provide a coordinated framework for the comprehensive review of all foods and crops developed through biotechnology.
Food and Drug Administration reviews all foods on a case-by-case
basis to ensure that they meet nutritional and safety standards.
In certain cases, the Environmental
Protection Agency steps in to ensure that biotech crops
with built-in protection against pests and diseases has no
harmful effects on human safety and the environment. And the
of Agriculture approves applications for and oversees
testing of biotech crops in the field. If the crops are approved,
also oversees the sale of biotech seeds to growers.
Additionally, there is broad support for
the current system of regulatory review and oversight of crops
developed through biotechnology. Organizations including the
Medical Association, the World
Health Organization and the UN
Food and Agriculture Organization have endorsed the human
health and environmental safety associated with biotech crops.